Molecular formula of pantoprazole sodium

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Molecular Composition Overview

Molecular Composition Overview

Pantoprazole sodium is a chemical compound that belongs to the class of proton pump inhibitors. Its molecular formula is C16H14F2N3NaO4S, indicating the specific arrangement of atoms in the molecule.

This compound consists of carbon (C), hydrogen (H), fluorine (F), nitrogen (N), sodium (Na), oxygen (O), and sulfur (S) atoms. The chemical composition of pantoprazole sodium plays a crucial role in its pharmacological activity and mechanism of action.

Key Elements:

Key Elements:

The presence of sodium in the molecular formula highlights the salt form of pantoprazole, which is essential for its solubility and stability. The fluorine atoms contribute to the compound’s acidic properties, enabling it to inhibit gastric acid secretion effectively.

Functional Groups:

Pantoprazole sodium contains a sulfonamide group (-SO2NH2) and a pyridine ring in its structure, which are crucial for its interaction with the proton pump enzymes in the stomach. These functional groups play a vital role in the drug’s mode of action and target specificity.

In summary, understanding the molecular composition of pantoprazole sodium provides insights into its chemical nature, therapeutic properties, and importance in the treatment of acid-related disorders.

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Chemical Composition Overview

The structural formula of pantoprazole sodium consists of a benzimidazole compound, with a pyridine and a sulfinyl group. The chemical formula is C16H14F2N3NaO4S, representing the atoms and their arrangement in the molecule. The molecular weight of pantoprazole sodium is approximately 405.35 g/mol.

Structural Formula Explanation

The structural formula shows the connectivity of atoms in the molecule, indicating the arrangement of atoms and functional groups. In pantoprazole sodium, the benzimidazole ring is fused to a pyridine ring, with a sulfinyl group attached to the benzimidazole ring. The sodium salt form is used for oral administration to enhance solubility and absorption.

Chemical Name Pantoprazole Sodium
Molecular Formula C16H14F2N3NaO4S
Molecular Weight 405.35 g/mol

Structural Formula Explanation

The structural formula of pantoprazole sodium illustrates how the atoms in the molecule are connected to each other. It provides a detailed view of the arrangement of atoms and bonds in the compound, showing the spatial orientation of different functional groups.

In the case of pantoprazole sodium, the structural formula reveals the presence of a pyridine ring, a benzimidazole ring, and a sulfonyl group. These components play a crucial role in the mechanism of action of pantoprazole sodium, which inhibits the proton pump in the stomach to reduce acid production.

Component Functional Group
Pyridine ring Basic nitrogen atom
Benzimidazole ring Imidazole moiety
Sulfonyl group Sulfur double bonded to two oxygen atoms

Understanding the structural formula of pantoprazole sodium is essential for grasping its mode of action and how it interacts with the target enzyme in the body. By visualizing the arrangement of atoms and functional groups, scientists can design more effective medications and optimize therapeutic outcomes.

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Importance of Molecular Formula

Pantoprazole sodium’s molecular formula, C16H14F2N3NaO4S, is a critical piece of information for researchers, pharmacists, and healthcare professionals. Understanding the molecular formula provides insight into the compound’s chemical composition, structure, and properties.

The molecular formula provides information about the number and type of atoms present in the compound. In the case of pantoprazole sodium, the formula indicates the presence of carbon, hydrogen, fluorine, nitrogen, sodium, oxygen, and sulfur atoms in precise ratios.

The molecular formula is essential:

1. Identification: By knowing the molecular formula of pantoprazole sodium, researchers can easily identify the compound in databases and scientific literature. This is crucial for conducting research, developing medications, and ensuring accuracy in pharmaceutical formulations.

2. Formulation: Pharmaceutical companies rely on the molecular formula to formulate accurate dosages of pantoprazole sodium in medications. Understanding the precise composition of the compound helps in determining the appropriate therapeutic dosage, ensuring efficacy and safety for patients.

Applications in Medicine

Pantoprazole sodium is widely used in the field of medicine due to its potent acid-suppressing properties. It is commonly prescribed to treat conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), peptic ulcers, and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. This medication works by inhibiting the proton pump in the gastric parietal cells, reducing the production of stomach acid and providing relief from acid-related symptoms.

Furthermore, pantoprazole sodium is often included in combination therapy for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium implicated in the development of peptic ulcers. By combining pantoprazole sodium with antibiotics, healthcare providers can effectively combat the bacterial infection and promote ulcer healing.

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Additionally, pantoprazole sodium is used in the maintenance treatment of erosive esophagitis, a condition characterized by inflammation and damage to the esophageal lining. The medication helps prevent the recurrence of esophageal damage and provides long-term symptom relief for patients with this chronic condition.

In summary, pantoprazole sodium plays a crucial role in the management of various gastrointestinal disorders and has proven to be an effective and well-tolerated therapy option for patients in need of acid suppression and ulcer treatment.